Monday, September 15, 2014

Francis Martin Madden - Student Army Training Corps - Stanford University

On 1 Oct 1918 at precisely 12 noon (ET) members of the  Student Army Training Corps at approximately 500 campuses across the United States were inducted into the Army.[1]  At Leland Stanford Jr. University ....  men in five companies stood at attention in the Quad.  Among them was Francis Martin Madden, a mechanical engineering student assigned to Company D.

Throughout the summer the university had been corresponding with the War Department in an effort to put the program in place.  In fact Stanford had made military training mandatory as of 23 April 1918, so returning students already had classes in military theory and tactics in their resume.  Those students over the age of twenty were to be inducted into the S.A.T.C. and treated as full time soldiers.  Their room, board, tuition and uniforms were all paid for by the government and they were to receive a $30 per month salary.  Stanford was to be reimbursed $1.498 per day per student to supply room, board and instruction.

On September 30, students were tested to determine their fitness for duty and given uniforms.  Charles J. Sullivan in a letter to Rene Gray of Chowchilla, CA, noted, “This morning I took my S.A.T.C. exam and according to all indications passed very easily. Then I got a uniform and went over to the Quad to Register.  All physical exams are given at the Gym, a half mile from the Quad.  ..... The uniforms are awful. Of course if I don’t (sic) swear into S.A.T.C. I will return the thing -- it is in itself enough to keep me out of S.A.T.C. .....” [2]

Those students in Companies A, B, C and the Naval Unit were to train for approximately 12 weeks and then be sent to regular training facilities to be readied for action.  Engineering students were assigned to Company D and were to complete their engineering courses before leaving school and joining regular troops.  Some of the most capable were identified early and sent to Officers Candidate Training. 

Stanford had been a little late joiner in the game of military training, so students were brought in from the University of California to provide leadership for the S.A.T.C.  The rivalry between the two schools caused Charles to note, “This is a different place now from the old Stanford of 1916.  All study as well as the courses taken will be under the supervision of the military geniuses who beat us by six months or so getting their commissions.  To add to the irony they have sent a flock of U.C. men down to drill the S.A.T.C.  Can you imagine the love those Lieutenants will get from their men?  It will be tragic.” [3]

Within days life for the Stanford University, the Stanford SATC, the San Francisco Bay area, and beyond had changed.....Charles recounts "....the disease has made such inroads at Stanford that the whole place is under quarantine and all classes have ceased for the time being.  When they took me out last night over 210 (total) had been sent to the hospital and about 30 cases in first stages were confined to quarters.

"The disease comes on very speedily....

"Overcoats and rifles were issued to us yesterday, but I was unable to get mine.  The rifles are Russian models and awkward looking things with nasty little four edged bayonets on the end that undoubtedly were designed solely for use on the Germans..... [4]

This was the second round of Spanish Influenza.  The first, in the spring of 1918, largely missed the US West Coast.  The second and third did not. By the end of December  over 23,000 cases had been reported in San Francisco with over 3000 deaths.  The greater Bay area, including Stanford University had many more.

As the campus fought influenza, students were brought to hospital tents to isolate them from those who were not yet infected.  And life went on.  On Oct 10 Charles notes, "....bands singing and little children playing happily in the gardens on the campus one can scarce believe that only half a mile distant 40000 men are seriously intent on perfecting themselves in the art of killing and 2500 boys are training to lead them to the front in the classrooms hidden away under the warm red tiles peacefully giving forth their soft warmth of color among the oaks and pines of the campus...."  he goes on to talk about the house where  " The university will have a big bill when this house is finally vacated.  Never have I seen such destruction in all my life there are seventy five men in the house and between their boots and seventy five army cots the hard wood floors are ruined.  Every room has had plaster mared & dishes silverware etc are disappearing from breakage and souvenir fiends so fast that we can't keep track.  I caught one man setting on the Piano yesterday.  Oh! it makes my blood boil.  Our little white enamal guest room is so badly damaged it will have to be done over & some furniture refinished.  All this in one week....."[5]

Charles was referring to Camp Fremont when he mentioned 40000 men.  Between 1917 and 1919 over 43,000 men were trained in the camp which was located in the tiny town of Menlo Park, population 2300.  Charles exaggerated a bit as he claimed 40000 men, the highest population over the 18 months of it's existence was about 27,000.  But a teaming mini-city it was.  After the war thousands of soldiers were naturalized as they left the service.  

One last quote from Charles.... "What a cartoon one might make of the campus now.  I wish I had a few moments to put some of my impressions on paper.  .... even coeds must wear gauze masks at addition to all I have named we have K.P. to do, have to sweep our rooms, make beds, sweep halls, attend evening assemblies or lectures twice or three times a week and do any special thing for which we may be detailed by the Sergt.  We are also supposed by practice during spare time to perfect ourselves individually in the 'execution of commands positions of the soldier, manual of arms' etc to quote from orders."[6] 

Thank goodness for Charles, he gave a face to both Stanford and the Student Army Training Corps at the time Frank was there.  His letters have many cartoon drawings that depict life in in the SATC.

 My Dad did not remember his father ever talking about his experiences at Stanford or his WWI service. Was he infected with Spanish Influenza?  It seems unlikely his often delicate health would have made that more traumatic.

The Stanford Daily, Volume 54, Number 17, 6 November 1918

Records for the Student Army Training Corps do not seem to be readily available.  Beyond a few lists of students, Stanford's collections are either more general or very spcific, like Charles's letters. The Stanford Daily had occasional articles. At the Federal level, many military records for this period were lost in the fire in St. Louis.  The truth is that the official SATC was formed on 1 Oct 1918 and on 11 Nov 1918 at 6 am, Germany signed the Armistice of  Compiègne. Word travels slowly in the world of violence but by 18 Jan 1919 the Great War was at a finish with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The SATC wound down with the end of the war.  Many Universities including Stanford had bought into training students for military service well before the official induction of SATC troops on Oct 1.  Frank's draft registration stated that he had six months of military service.  This indicates that Stanford was already training students by January 1918.  Those source that I did find indicate that all classes had been geared toward military service.  The men were being trained to be officers and the women were learning nursing skills.  The National Archives has some records for SATC in RG 165.8.4, Records of the education and Recreation Branch of the Army.

Student records have not been found for Francis Martin Madden at this time.  The  Alumni Directory and Ten-year Book: 1891-20, Volume 3,  states that  Frank attended Stanford from 1915 to an unknown date. We know he was a Junior in 1918.  In the commencement issue of the Daily Palo Alto, 16 June 1919 he is found on two lists.  The first is a list of students and alumni who served in the military.  The second is a list entitled Class Role Names Nineteeners.  This appears to be


a list of those that matriculated in 1915 and should have been the class of 1919.  Some are on the graduation list, but the war seems to have taken its toll on  the class.  Many Nineteeners did not graduate in June.  Some are found on a lists of graduates for January and Apr 1920.  I did not find Frank on either of those lists.  I did not find a list of June 1920 graduates.  The 1920 census taken 18 Jan 1920 says that he was in school on or after September 1 1919.  At the time it was taken he was in Bay City.

[1] US Army General Order 79, Colonel Rees, General Staff 
[2] Charles J. Sullivan Letter to his fiancée, Rowena Gray of Chowchilla, CA,30 Sep 1918, Stanford Libraries Special Collections, Charles J Sullivan Letters 1918-1921 (SC0 962)
[3] Ibid 
[4] Ibid; 9 Oct 1918 Camp Fremont hospital - to Miss Rene Gray-Chowchilla, CA
[5] Ibid; 10 Oct 1918 Camp Fremont Hospital - to Miss Rene Gray-Chowchilla, CA
[6] Ibid; 23 Oct 1918 Stanford  - to Miss Rene Gray-Chowchilla, CA

1917 - Intensive Drill to Start at Once
1918 - Student Camp to Open in June

Monday, September 8, 2014

Francis Martin Madden

Part 1  - 1896-1919

No birth certificate has been found for Francis (Frank). According to a letter by cousin Mary, Frank was born at 1917 fifth Avenue.(1)   After his father's death when he was six and then his mother's when he was fifteen, Frank and his brothers Thomas and Charles (Carl) continued to live in the family home.  Their Aunt Mary Silbereisen Lynn moved in with her family and at times so did Aunt Lena Schramm.  Little is known about Frank's life before he left Michigan for California.

Frank attended Stanford University for approximately two years, returning to Michigan before the 1920 census was taken. He may have attended a university in Michigan as well, as he was listed as a student in the 1920 census but to date I do not have information supporting that fact.

The actual sequence of events of his young adult years is not known, but he did serve in the Student Army Training Corps, he did have tuberculosis and go to a special facility and he did attend Stanford.  It makes the most sense that he was sent to California because he had tuberculosis some of the best sanitariums were located in Belmont on the San Francisco Peninsula.  Most likely he improved with the climate change and ended up staying to attend Stanford University just a few miles south.

He was a mechanical engineering student living at 11 Salvatierra St, Stanford when he registered for the Great War Draft on 5 Jun 1918.(2)  Today Salvatierra Street that would have included #11 is called Salvatierra Walk and the building that Frank would have lived in doesn't appear to exist anymore.

Although I have not found any official school records to date, I did find Frank in the yearbook for the first quarter of 1919 as well as in the Student Training Corps records for Stanford.  See the next post.

  1.  Family Bible of Thomas and Elizabeth Madden, copied by Mary Lynn Scramm  from the bible in the possession of Aunt Lena included in a letter to Carl Madden and family 8/6/1951.
  2. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. M1509, 4,582 rolls.

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Maura Madden Donovan Watercolors

For years family members have enjoyed the bounty of my sister Maura's wonderful watercolors. We
knew she should be showing and selling her workand often urged her to do so.....but at the same time happily accepted new offerings to grace our walls.

This spring Maura finally created a blog highlighting some of her works.  Maura Madden Donovan Watercolors.

This month she had works accepted in two juried shows in Sacramento and has won a Special Award at the Wash, Inc Open Show at the Sacramento Fine Arts Center.  

We are VERY PROUD!!!  Check out the blog and don't neglect the portrait page where you'll find artistic renditions of many Madden family members.

Monday, October 21, 2013

Madden Bros., Inc - part 2

The Madden Brothers had some interesting patents.  Most are in the name of the youngest brother Carl, both he and Frank were engineers.  All three brothers were involved in Coordinated Transportation, Inc.

One invention was the Rail Truck
You can read the complete brochure here
You will find the patent here Convertible railway freight car US 2009895 A

Some other patents filed by Charles L. Madden some jointly with AL Hershey, et al.

Convertible railway freight car - US 2063434 A
Tractor - US 2064205 A
Trailer train US 2844108 A
Spotlight US 1457120 A
There are many more - use Google Patent search to find them you can get full page images of the patent from the US Patent Office

Monday, October 14, 2013

Madden Bros, Inc. - part 1

The three sons of Thomas and Eliza Madden inherited the shipping business from their father.

Throughout their childhood the business had been run by their uncle, Michael Lynn.  By 1910 the company was pretty much defunct and Michael was selling boat supplies.  Thomas 17 and his younger brothers were all living at home and their occupations were listed as none.(1)

In 1920 the brothers are still living together in the family home.  Thomas is listed as a wholesale fruit dealer, Francis and Charles are listed with no occupation both had attended school within the last year. (2)  Their Aunts Mary Lynn and Lena Schramm are living with them.

By 1930 Thomas with wife Helen was living in Edina, Hennipen, MN and is listed as the manager of a Transportation Company.(3) Francis (Frank) is living in Duluth, MN with wife Isabel and his four children and is listed as the Vice President of a Transportation Company. (4)  Charles is living in Minneapolis, MN with wife Helen and three children and is listed as owner of a trucking company. (5).  Each brother will be covered in a future post.

Madden Bros. Vs. Railroad and
Warehouse Commission of Minnesota et al
In The Case of the Railroads versus the Highway Truckers in the competitive field of L.C.L freight transportation, Charles gives the history of Madden Bros., Inc.  "In April, 1928, the three Madden brothers organized Madden Bros., Inc. of St. Paul, Minn.  This company was formed to exploit our 

Supreme Court Commission
patented trailers in trucking new automobiles from the factories in Michigan and St. Paul, Minn., to points in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, South Dakota and North Dakota.  As we were the first company to transport automobiles over the highways, the Northwest railroads objected and we were forced to carry the controversy to the U.S. Supreme Court.  After this court decided in our favor, we expanded Madden Brothers from strictly an interurban trucking company to also a forwarding company, and a transportation research and development company.  This expanded company made a transportation survey for the Automobile Traffic Managers Transportation Committee.  Also, surveys for the railroads, such as Great Northern, Milwaukee Road and Northwestern Line.  These surveys resulted in Madden Brothers and the Railway Express Agency making joint contracts with the railroads.  Our survey and recommendation were used in zoning the city of Chicago for the railroad store door automobile movement and was later adopted for L.C.L. freight and for U.S. parcel post.  Because of the success of the trucking division, the forwarding division and the research and development division; Coordinated Transportation, Inc. was organized in March, 1935 to take over the research and development division of Madden Brothers and to exploit the resultant patents from building special railroad equipment; Mutual Transit Corporation was organized in April, 1937 to take over the forwarding division of Madden Brothers; and in May 1937 the interurban trucking division (Madden Brothers) was sold to a Detroit company that was specializing in the hauling of Ford Automobiles.

"Mutual Transit Corporation was organized in April, 1937 as a forwarding company of new automobiles from the factories in Michigan to various points in the Northwest.  The stock was held by the three Madden brothers and the majority of the Twin Cities automobile distributors and dealers.  The movement was in conjunction with the Great Lakes package freight lines and the Northwest railroads.  Mutual Transit ceased doing business in July, 1942 as there were no new automobiles being manufactured to transport.

Jim Madden (Francis) talked about the Poker Fleet travelling the Great Lakes during his childhood. The Ace, King, Queen, Jack and Ten, owned by the Minnesota-Atlantic Transit Company were used by the Mutual Transit Company to transport cars.  This picture shows (standing - Jim (Francis), Tom (Francis), Tom (Tom), seated Tom, Mary Pat (Francis) and Jane (Francis) on the Ace which was based in Duluth.  Not only were there no more automobiles being built in 1942, but this fleet which had originally been designed for salt water use in WWI was sold, the Queen and Ten to Brazil and the other three to the US Maritime Commission.

(1) 1910 US Census Bay Ward 2, Bay,Michigan; Roll: T624_636; Page: 1A; ED 38
(2)  1920 US Census - Bay Ward 2, Bay,Michigan; Roll 755; Page: 7B; ED 57
(3) 1930 US Census - Edina, Hennepin, Minnesota; Roll: 1088; Page: 14B; ED 277.
(4) 1930 US Census - DuluthSt Louis,Minnesota; Roll: 1126; Page: 13B; ED 42
(5) Minneapolis, Hennepin, Minnesota; Roll: 1092; Page: 17B; ED 70.

Monday, October 7, 2013

Family - Mary (Silbereisen) & Michael Lynn

Bay City Times
30 Mar 1902 p12c3
After the death of Thomas Francis Madden the shipping business was managed by his brother-in-law Michael Lynn.  Like his brother in law Michael was active in the community, running for office at least once.  Michael died 19 Aug 1927 in Grand Rapids, MI.  Mary died 30 Jul 1941

"Michael J. Lynn, 68, brother of Daniel E. Lynn, 2638 Military Street, died Friday at his home in Grand Rapids.

Mr. Lynn was born in Port Huron, but had not lived in the city for many years. He is survived by his widow, two daughters, Mrs.James Schafer, Grand Rapids, and Mrs. Alec Schwall, Bay City;and three brothers, Daniel E. Lynn (Port Huron), George Lynn, Cleveland, and Edward Lynn, Cleveland.

Funeral services will be held at St. Stephen Church Monday 10 a.m., burial will take place at Mt. Hope Cemetery."  [Port Huron Times Herald 20 Aug 1927]

Mary and Michael had two daughters, Elizabeth and Catherine.  Both girls attended the academy in Monroe. (1)

Elizabeth married James Schafer on 8 Jun 1915.

They had at least two children.  Mary Catherine (1916-1996) m. Merel Rowe (1922-2002).  They lived in Fresno County, CA.

The second known child, Elizabeth Ann died in 1919 at the age of 3 months.

Catherine (1890-1971) m. Alec Schwall.  In 1930 she was widowed and she and her two children were living with her mother and Aunt Lena in Bay City. She was still there in 1940. Catherine had two children, Mary bn 1914 and Lynn Alexander (1916-2000)

I would welcome contact from the descendants of Elizabeth and Catherine.

(1) Bay City Times 2 Jan 1904 p3

Monday, September 30, 2013

Family: Martin Silbereisen and Catherine Resch

The family bible states that Martin (1823 Bavaria - 1860 Bay City, MI) and Katherine (1828 Bavaria - 1907 Bay City, MI)  were married in Bavaria on 12 Aug 1856 and Elizabeth was born in Feb 1859 so if the marriage information is correct they emigrated sometime from the fall of 1856 November of 1858 when Martin  bought land from Jacob Wisheintner.  He signed an indenture for $102 for lot 5 block 220, village of Portsmouth (later incorporated into Bay City.)  A brew master by trade, he built  and was a half partner in a brewery on the land.

In February of 1860 Martin signed a petition to become a citizen, but he did not live long enough to complete the process.  Martin died on 22 Sep 1860 at the age of 37.

He left his widow and two small daughters his half share in the old brewery, which was worth only the land it stood on.  He also owned a 3/5 share in a new brewery on lot 4 block 109.  His estate was estimated at a worth of $700.

Catherine retained personal possessions valued at $80.80 which included furniture, bedding, a milk cow and a horse.  A dwelling on the original lot was worth $175 and tools of the brewing trade, including wagons and stock for delivery were worth $168.70.(1)

Shortly thereafter, on 14 Jan 1861, Catherine remarried another Bavarian brew master, John Martin Schramm.  Their daughter Magdalena was born in 1865.

Great granddaughter Mary Rowe remembers her grandmother, Mary, talking about the Indians who used to come to the brewery on ponies with their manes tied up in rags. After an afternoon of drinking they would sleep it off on the floor of the  brewery.  As Mary was a toddler when her father died, it would seem logical that she was remembering the brewery of her step-father Martin Schramm.

Catherine outlived her second husband, who died in 1903.  In 1905 she was living with her widowed daughter Elizabeth and daughter Lena, who never married.  Katherine died on 8 Aug 1907 in Bay City.

Martin and Catherine are buried in St. Patrick's cemetery in Bay City.

Martin Silbereisen and Catherine Resch had two daughters

Mary married Michael Lynn (see upcoming post)
Elizabeth married Thomas Francis Martin

Catherine Resch and Martin Schramm had one daughter Lena.  Lena helped raise her three nephews when her sister, Elizabeth, died in 1911.  She died 4 May 1943 at the age of 78.(2)

(1) Petition for the Appt. of an Administrator Bay Co MI, 21 Dec 1861 -- State of Michigan, County of Bay, Probate Court in the matter of the Estate of Martin Silbereisen, deceased, Aug 21st 1907, 18 Sep 1907, 19 Sep 1907 (daughters had reached majority).

(2) "Michigan, Death Certificates, 1921-1952," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 04 Sep 2013), Lena F Schramm, 1943.